Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Have you ever wondered how it would feel to lose your career? Shattered Glass is a true story of a young journalistwho fell from grace when it was found he had fabricated over half of his articles. He was a staff writer at The New Republic for three years who rose to meteoric heights as a young writer in Washington, D. C. Looking for a short cut to fame, Glass combined sources, quotes, and even entire stories. He did everything in his power to make sure that everyone is pleased by him so that they do not figure him out. In the movie Shattered Glass, director Billy Ray adroitly shows how Stephen Glass is willing to lie just to further his career as a journalist. Stephen Glass is a very interesting character who not only has a lot of talent, but also has a lot of flaws too. He is a liar. The staff writers can read between the lines of his stories, but not the lies. Everyone around him seems fascinated about his stories. He also remembers a lot of things about his staff writers which show that he does care about them and does not want to hurt them or the magazine. He simply wants to further his career. As the movie demonstrates details of his life, it shows that he is a very confused, stressed out young writer by the way he is when he is not at work. The movie never showed that he has any family around. It shows that he is lonely in a way. He wants fame and thinks he can achieve it by pleasing everyone. Billy Ray does a fantastic job directing this movie because he has a lot of scenes that cut off and come back which makes it more interesting and mysterious. The film opens with a flashback of Stephen Glass at a convention celebrating Monica Lewinsky memorabilia. GlassÃ¢â¬â¢s voice-over criticizes other reports who try to get ahead. He recommends, instead, being humble and holding back. He is then shown in a classroom of his former high school journalist teacher, giving advice to young journalists that look up to him. The film occasionally cuts back to this scene; Glass is shown walking around in his socks and being friendly with his co-workers. The movie also introduces his co-workers and show how much they adore Stephen. Stephen writes a paper on Ã¢â¬Å"Spring BreakdownÃ¢â¬ which he describes to the journalistsÃ¢â¬â¢ classroom. Editor Michael Kelly questions Glass about some of the facts in this story. In particular, the fact that the hotel had a mini-bar is questioned. Kelly requests Glasss notes so that it can be fact-checked again. Glass then claims to have consulted his notes and realized that he made a mistake in his story. He corrects himself stating that the minibar was not part of the hotel room, it was a rental. He offers to resign but Kelly dismisses the mistake as trivial and refuses Glasss resignation. Even so, Kelly makes a phone call to the hotel to confirm that mini-bar rentals are available. Glass gets away with another one of his fabrications. Towards the end of the movie, Glass makes up a story completely. He thinks he can get away with another one, but does not realize that an online magazine found some of his facts as interesting as not being real. They found out that his sources are fake. All of his notes and descriptions of the people neither the company are imaginations. Glass makes it so believable for the audience to think that the story exists that he takes over the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s imagination. Stephen Glass gets fact-checked over and over by many different people untill they realize that his story and facts do not even excist. It takes him a long time, but he finally admits that he lied in almost most of his issues which gets him fired from Ã¢â¬Å"The New Republic. Ã¢â¬ He begs for mercy from the people around him, and it seems as if there is no one to stand by his side. At the end of the movie, the audience realizes that the classroom is part of his imagination as well. Stephen Glass not only loses his highly respected job as a writer in Ã¢â¬Å"The New RepublicÃ¢â¬ , but also loses his friendsÃ¢â¬â¢ trust. Billy Ray has put a lot of work into making this movie by adding different thoughts to the audience. He gradually changes your opinion about the main character which makes the movie a lot more interesting. He also keeps you confused a little by not being too detailed. He gradually shows a different personality of Stephen Glass.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
The Ten Plagues ( scientific Explanations ) Essay, Research Paper The Ten Plagues of Egypt The Ten Plagues affected the Ancient Egyptians pitilessly. All their H2O turns to blood, the land becomes infested with toads, so lice. There is no visible radiation for three yearss. It got reasonably bad for the Egyptians. Somehow, it did non impact the Israelites for one ground or another. It is ill-defined nevertheless, when, and under whose reign these pestilences took topographic point. There is really small, if any, scientific grounds back uping the theory that these pestilences truly did take topographic point. Assuming they did happen, this is the scientific account to all 10s. The first pestilence was the pestilence of blood. All of the H2O in Egyptian Wellss, pools, canals, The Nile, everything, all? turned to blood, ? therefore was killing all the animate beings populating in the H2O. The more realistic theory is that there was an overpowering copiousness of ruddy algae. We will write a custom essay sample on The Ten Plagues scientific Explanations Essay Research or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Red algae reproduces and respirates. Had this peculiar season been a good 1 for the ruddy algae population, it could hold reproduced at an extremely high rate, hence taking up room and devouring all the O in the H2O. This would hold led to the deceasing off of all the H2O animate beings. The 2nd pestilence was of toads. There were Millions of toads, in houses, on the land, all over Egypt. They were sent by God to acquire in the Egyptian? s manner and do life hard. Or? the copiousness of ruddy algae, which led to the decease of all the marine life, which so led to an addition of the fly population. Since nature has a manner of equilibrating things out, more toads were born to take attention of the fly population. An hyperbole of the earnestness of this pestilence through clip makes up for the toads literally everyplace. The 3rd pestilence was an epidemic of lice. They, life the toads, were all over. These lice varied in size. There were large lice, little lice, and uneven lice or two. What must hold happened here, was chiefly an hyperbole, but besides due to the dead carnal scene. The Egyptians had no thought how to free themselves of the lice, so they stayed for a piece deceasing of one cause or another. The 4th pestilence was that of wild animals, king of beastss, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams, wolves, etc. these must hold besides been brought on by the dead marine life. The animate beings catch air current of an? all you can eat knock about? ant they come a running. Once the free nutrient beginning had dried up, the wild animate beings left. The 5th pestilence was plague. The cowss, sheep, donkeys and all else, were overcome with disease and unable to reproduce, give milk, stay alive, etc. The cause of this was most likely due to the presence of lice. They spread disease from animate being to animal. Therefore doing everything to acquire ill and hence conveying on the following pestilence. Skin disease, was the following pestilence in a line of many. Bumps and furuncles broke out among the people. This was most likely brought on from the feeding of poorly-kept and morbid meat. What do you eat when all your farm animal falls victim to disease? The reply is the least septic meat. Least infected doesn? t average clean. In short: the people ate, the people got ill. The 7th pestilence was of hail. It poured and poured and didn? Ts allow up. This is caused by atmospheric force per unit area alterations. Even though it is a hot desert country in Egypt, It has been known to acclaim, same trade everyplace else in the universe. This hail destroyed the Egyptians harvests and houses, killed farm animal, people, and anything else that would decease. Plague figure eight was that of the locusts. God called upon them to devour the metropolis alive. Locusts are teeming, winging animals whose lone intents in life are to eat, do babes, and dice ; all of which they are really good at. Locusts become a job yearly, but it? s merely for a short period of clip. In this little sum of clip nevertheless, they will literally eat the apparels off of your dorsum. This is non a godly effort, this kind of thing happens all over the universe all the clip. The 9th pestilence was darkness. It was wholly dark everyplace. The Egyptians didn? T know weather it was twenty-four hours or dark. This can most probably be blamed on a entire occultation. This would do it so there was no Moon to be seen, no Sun to be seen, fundamentally, nil to be seen. Again, it happens from clip to clip. You wear? Ts have to do any Gods angry for this to go on, you merely have to wait a few old ages. The ten percent and concluding pestilence was the murder of the eldest kids. By the Godhead? s edict, every first born must decease at midnight. In other words the Pharaoh wanted everyone to believe in merely one God while at the same clip diminishing the ill population. This led to the slaughtering of little farm animal and here we are back at pestilence figure five. Finally, the Judaic slaves are set free after the Pharaoh proves his point and that is the terminal of the Ten Plagues. These scientific accounts are lone hypotheses of what happened. How the Jews weren? T affected, simple? The Judaic Slaves? nutrient supply was most likely kept offprint from the Egyptians? nutrient supply. If you noticed, most all of the pestilences somehow related back to the nutrient supply. The Jews likely weren? T permitted to utilize the easy accessable H2O supply, so they were forced to recover their H2O from someplace far from the algae-infested H2O that the Egyptians got theirs from.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Essentials for Tree Seed Propagation Trees use seeds as a principal means of establishing their next generation in the natural world. Seeds serve as a delivery system for the transfer of genetic material from one generation to the next. This fascinating chain of events (the formation of seed to dispersal to germination) is very complex and still poorly understood. Some trees can easily be grown from seed but, for some trees, it may be much quicker and easier to propagate them from cuttings. Seed propagation can be a tricky process for a number of tree species. A small seedling can be very tiny and delicate when first germinated and often require much more care than a cutting. Seeds collected off tree hybrids or grafted stock can be sterile or the tree mayÃ be off-character from the parent. For example, seeds collected from a pink dogwood will most likely flower white. What Stops Seeds From Germinating There are a number of important reasons a seed refuses to germinate under artificial conditions. Two major causes for unsuccessful tree seed germination are hard seed coats and dormant seed embryos. Both conditions are species-specific and every tree species has to subject the seeds to unique conditions to assure germination. Treating the seed properly is necessary before germination occurs and a seedling can be assured. Seed scarification and stratification are the most common methods of seed treatment and they will increase the chances of seed or nut germination. Scarification and Stratification The hard protective coating on some tree seeds is natures way of protecting the seed. But hard coats on some hard seed species actually inhibit the germination of the seed, because water and air cannot penetrate the hard coating. Interestingly, many tree seeds require two dormant periods (two winters) before the protective coating breaks down enough to germinate. The seeds must lay on the ground completely dormant for one full growing season, and then germinate the following growing season. Scarification is an artificial way to prepare hard seed coats for germination. There are three methods or treatments that will usually make seed-coats permeable to water: soaking in a solution of sulfuric acid, soaking in hot water or immersing the seed for a short period in boiling water, or mechanical scarification. Many dormant tree seeds need to be after-ripened before they can germinate. This is the most common cause of seeds failing to germinate. If the seed embryo produced by a tree is dormant, it must be stored at the proper temperature and in the presence of abundant supplies of moisture and air. Stratification is the process of mixing the seed in a moist (not wet) medium like peat moss, sand or sawdust, then placed in a storage container and stored in an area where the temperature is controlled at a low enough level to ripen the seed. This storage is usually over a definite period of time at a specific temperature (around 40 degrees F). Methods of Tree Seed Treatment by Species Hickory: This tree nut is generally considered to exhibit embryo dormancy. The common treatment is to stratify the nuts in a moist medium at 33 to 50 degrees F for 30 to 150 days. If cold storage facilities are not available, stratification in a pit with a covering of about 0.5 m (1.5 feet) of compost, leaves, or soil to prevent freezing will suffice. Prior to any cold stratification, nuts should be soaked in water at room temperature for two to four days with one or two water changes each day.Black Walnut: A walnut is generally considered to exhibit embryo dormancy. The common treatment is to stratify the nuts in a moist medium at 33 to 50 degrees F for two or three months. Although the seed coat is extremely hard it usually cracks, becomes water permeable, and does not need scarification.Pecan: A pecan does not fall into dormancy like other hickories and can be planted at any time with the expectation that the embryo will germinate. Still, theÃ pecan nutÃ is often collected and cold-stored for planting the next spring. Oak: Acorns of the white oak group generally have little or no dormancy and will germinate almost immediately after falling. These species should usually be planted in the fall. Acorns of the black oak group that exhibit variable dormancy and stratification are usually recommended before spring sowing. For best results, moist acorns should be held for four to 12 weeks at temperatures of 40 to 50 degrees F and can be placed in plastic bags without a medium, if turned frequently.Persimmon: Natural germination of common persimmon usually occurs in April or May, but two- to three-year delays have been observed. The main cause of the delay is a seed covering that causes a major decrease in water absorption. Seed dormancy also needs to be broken by stratification in sand or peat for 60 to 90 days at 37 to 50 degrees F. Persimmon is hard to artificially germinate.Sycamore:Ã American sycamoreÃ needs no dormancy, and pre-germination treatments are usually not required for prompt germinati on.Pine: Seeds of most pines in temperate climates are shed in the autumn and germinate promptly the next spring. Seeds of most pines germinate without treatment, but germination rates and amounts are greatly increased by pretreating the seeds. This means storing seeds using moist, cold stratification. Elm: Under natural conditions, elm seeds that ripen in the spring usually germinate in the same growing season. Seeds that ripen in the fall germinate in the following spring. Although seeds of most elm species require no planting treatment, American elm will remain dormant until the second season.Beech: Seeds from beech trees need to overcome dormancy and require cold stratification for prompt germination. The seeds may take a combination of stratification and storage. Seed moisture level is the key to successful stratification in beech seeds. Beech is difficult to artificially germinate in significant amounts.
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Therapy The Origins of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Cognitive behavior therapy was devised in the late 1950s and early 1960s by Albert Ellis, Ph.D. in New York and by Aaron Beck, M.D. in Philadelphia. Although they worked independently of each other, both Ellis and Beck had grown dissatisfied with the traditional Freudian psychoanalytic therapies. Though both of these men trained with Freud, they believed that peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ conscious beliefs and thought processes were very important in understanding how people became depressed, anxious, or disturbed. Freudian psychoanalytic theory, on the other hand, tended to de-emphasize conscious thought. By the late 1950s, advances in behavioral science and experimental psychology had raised questions of the main assumptions of psychoanalysis, and new theories of the human mind were being introduced. Ã¢â¬Å"There are actually several kinds of Cognitive-Behavioral therapies (spelled behavioural in British English), employing the same general premise: in contrast to the psychodynamic emphasis on insight into unconscious motivation, the cognitive-behavioral therapies emphasize the ability of people to make changes in their lives without having to understand why the change occurs.Ã¢â¬ (Richmond, 2001) The Theory behind Cognitive Behavior Therapy By 1962, research into human emotion found that peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions regarding events were important in guiding emotional experience (Carson, B.M. 2000). For example, important research showed that people labeled their physiological arousal according to the environmental situation they perceived. Experiments demonstrated that the physical effects of adrenaline could be labeled as fear, anger, or giddiness, depending on the personÃ¢â¬â¢s assumptions and thoughts about their situation. Because people's thoughts had such powerful effects on their emotional experience and emotional behavior, scientists were forced to devise new theories to accou... Free Essays on Origins Of Behvior Free Essays on Origins Of Behvior Therapy The Origins of Cognitive Behavior Therapy Cognitive behavior therapy was devised in the late 1950s and early 1960s by Albert Ellis, Ph.D. in New York and by Aaron Beck, M.D. in Philadelphia. Although they worked independently of each other, both Ellis and Beck had grown dissatisfied with the traditional Freudian psychoanalytic therapies. Though both of these men trained with Freud, they believed that peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ conscious beliefs and thought processes were very important in understanding how people became depressed, anxious, or disturbed. Freudian psychoanalytic theory, on the other hand, tended to de-emphasize conscious thought. By the late 1950s, advances in behavioral science and experimental psychology had raised questions of the main assumptions of psychoanalysis, and new theories of the human mind were being introduced. Ã¢â¬Å"There are actually several kinds of Cognitive-Behavioral therapies (spelled behavioural in British English), employing the same general premise: in contrast to the psychodynamic emphasis on insight into unconscious motivation, the cognitive-behavioral therapies emphasize the ability of people to make changes in their lives without having to understand why the change occurs.Ã¢â¬ (Richmond, 2001) The Theory behind Cognitive Behavior Therapy By 1962, research into human emotion found that peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions regarding events were important in guiding emotional experience (Carson, B.M. 2000). For example, important research showed that people labeled their physiological arousal according to the environmental situation they perceived. Experiments demonstrated that the physical effects of adrenaline could be labeled as fear, anger, or giddiness, depending on the personÃ¢â¬â¢s assumptions and thoughts about their situation. Because people's thoughts had such powerful effects on their emotional experience and emotional behavior, scientists were forced to devise new theories to accou...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Romanesque, Regency, Revival, Early Christian, Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassicism - Essay Example This discussion talks that jumping forward over 1000 years, Regency architecture denotes a style of buildings that came to a level of prominence within written during the early 19th century; a point in time when George IV was Prince Regent Ã¢â¬â the namesake of this particular period of architecture. One of the most defining facets of this particular style is with regards to the prevalence of white painted stucco faÃ §ades and the exhibition of the entryway usually colored in black frame columns. Additionally, residences which are built within the Regency style of architecture display crescents or terraces. In addition, the use of wrought-iron balconies is also incorporated a large scale. Again, the importance of history cannot be ignored due to the fact that the Regency period of architecture normally exhibits a very clear level of comparison to the colonnades and pillars of ancient Rome and ancient Greeks. Due to the fact that this was one of the periods in which the British Em pire was at its very height, it comes as no surprise that Imperial forms of architecture were utilized as a means of further propagating this particular understanding of general importance within the world structure. Similarly, with regards to a particular building or monument exhibits this style, a very excellent example exists within Regents Park London. As such, the use of columns and crescent shape architecture readily points to the fact that Regency architecture was heavily utilized in employed as a means of inspiring particular monuments. exhibited within the park. Revival As with all forms of art and architecture, a desire to see and elaborate upon previous artistic expressions oftentimes encourages architects to engage in movements of revivalism. Within Western civilization, revivalism has been noted within almost each and every single architectural movement in recorded history. For instance, there has been revivalism of postclassical architecture, medieval architecture, Bar oque architecture, and a litany of many other more modern forms of architecture. Due to the broad range of revival architecture that exists, this particular analysis will focus specifically on Renaissance revival
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
RHETORICAL AWARENESS - Essay Example ethical, emotions, practical and intellectual. It leads to effective communication. So in conclusion, it can be said that it is a process through which one tries to communicate something to the other person effectively. Rhetoric has played a major role in western tradition. In relation to rhetorical analysis, usage of rhetorical concepts is essential such as logos, ethos, mediation etc. this is mainly done to identify the social functions that are related to the object of the study. When it is related to any disclosure such as a poem, a speech, a joke or newspaper article, then the specific aim of article is not just to support the claim or makes arguments in relation to it, but it also involves identifying the semiotic strategies which should be employed by the speaker in order to accomplish persuasive goals. 1.2 Importance of rhetorical awareness Different fields have different writing conventions. Rhetorical situation mainly refers to primary features of any college writing situat ion. While facing any rhetorical situation in college it is imperative to have awareness on its various factors such as purpose for which one is writing, the audience for which one is writing to, type of text one is writing, the person one takes in his writing and social context of the situation. Rhetorical awareness is important in order to communicate effectively with the other person. One should be efficient enough to deal with all kind of situations i.e. either to communicate in images, sounds, words or numbers. Student writers should be able to deal with all these situations. Effective writing means making various choices. Each purpose given to students increases their awareness in relation to rhetorical. In it students mainly take responsibility of their ideas from which they try to be writers. These ideas are mainly occurred through independent research and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own perceptions. This provides students an opportunity to work at their own discourse, discover challenging things and can express their own ideas, while communicating on a particular purpose. This makes their ideas compelling and convincing to others. Therefore, in order to effectively communicate with other person one should be aware of all rhetorical techniques and writing. 1.3 Effect Rhetorical awareness can lead to effective communication and message can be easily transfers to the respective audience. It creates a positive attitude among student writers. This will help students not only to communicate in words, but they will be able to use sounds, numbers and diagrams as well to convey their message once they are aware of rhetorical. Its awareness helps students not only to gain good grades in class but also helps them in achieving their goals and carrier path. It provides students a sense of discovering, developing and understanding among student writers. 1.4 Evaluation Rhetorical awareness can be evaluated on the basis of skills of a person. Rhetorical situation are very complex a nd involves many factors such as purpose, audience, person to whom one is addressing, social background, text type and personal beliefs of audience and writerÃ¢â¬â¢s etc. evaluation is conducted on all these factors. Each area should be studied efficiently. Teacher mainly play role of audience. They are the one who evaluate that either student is aware in relation to a particular purpose assigned to them. They become a reader while evaluating a personÃ¢â¬â¢s writing and try to identify what a student is thinking. This creates results in two forms either a thinker or a writer. After doing rhetorical analysis one gets the knowledge of language which is important in achieving persuasion. Sometimes teachers also evaluate writing by playing a role of hypothetical audience, i.e. they may ask students to write
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Fate and free will Essay Fate is described as the power that determines the outcome of events before they occur, while free will is the act of freedom towards a decision. Oedipuss fate was determined before he was born, yet he took it into his own free will to end up the way he did.Ã The role of fate was simple; Oedipus would kill his father and marry his mother. Oedipus tried to prevent his fate by running away from his alleged parents, but the gods would still cause a catastrophe in Oedipuss life. The powers of the gods determined the events that occurred, such as, him marrying his actual mother and killing his father. One example of Oedipuss free will was the fact that he took it upon himself to travel from Corinth to Thebes so that he would not have the opportunity to kill his adopted father and marry his adopted mother. Another example of Oedipus showing free will arose when he killed Laius. He could have let Laius pass without any confrontation but instead killed him over who would pass in the street first. This caused a lot of turmoil in Thebes and nervous tension in Oedipuss life. Oedipus utilized his free will by not listening to people who told him his fate; for example, when Tiresias told Oedipus his fortune, that he would kill his father and marry his mother, Oedipus immediately brushed him off and condemned him. Before Oedipus stabbed his eyes out, he proclaimed, you shall not see me nor my crime, not see my present shame, go dark for all time blind. He took it upon himself to thrust his eyes out. He did this because he couldnt bare the shame of his life and he did not want to see what h is life would transpire to be. While the outcome was predetermined, Oedipus used his free will to determine how the events leading to the outcome would happen. The gods knew what would happen to Oedipus in the end, but did not take it upon themselves to make it occur. The act of Oedipus actually killing Laius, his real father, and marrying his mother, was his act of free will even though the outcome of the event was already predestined. While Oedipus tried to find out his true identity and find the killer of Laius he only tried to prevent his downfall once, in the beginning of the play and that was by leaving Corinth to get away from his assumed parents. During his reign he did not try to prevent his downfall. If he wanted to prevent his ruin he could have found out the truth secretly or he could have taken it upon himself to look for Laiuss killer or he could have kept the news to himself and no one would have ever known. In conclusion, fate and free will took place in the play. The gods knew what would happen to Oedipus and however Oedipus determined him self is how it would occur. It leads to wonder if our lives are head by free will or fate or if they go hand and hand.